Z score Calculator
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Z score calculator
Right from forecasting the next day's weather to predicting the upcoming stock prices to be bullish or bearish to predicting the potential market opportunities in the upcoming years, Statistics plays a major role in predicting the future, calculating the likelihood that a given event will occur, or provide information about a survey. Numerous disciplines, including business, medicine, biology, psychology, and the social sciences, employ statistics, without which our entire economy collapses, and that important is our statistics.
It starts with mean, mode, median, and progress toward standard Deviation and many other measurement tools to see what the future is for us, such as the Z score.
This could be better understood using a distribution curve.
Bell Curve
The normal distribution, sometimes referred to as the bell curve, is a typical sort of distribution for a variable. The graph used to represent a normal distribution has a symmetrical bell-shaped curve, hence the name "bell curve."
What is a Z score?
The statistical measurement known as the Z-score describes the relationship between a value and a set of values.
Standard deviation σ from the mean x is used to measure Z-score.
A Z-score of zero means the score is the same as the mean score. The standard deviation value from the mean would have a Z-score of 1.0. Z-scores can be either positive or negative, with a positive number signifying a score above the mean and a negative value signifying a score below the mean.
Z-Score Formula
z = ( x - μ ) / σ
Where:
- z = Z-score
- x = the value being evaluated
- μ = the mean
- σ = the Standard Deviation
Purpose of Z score:
Z-scores allow you to put data points from populations with various means and standard deviations on a similar scale. This common scale makes it possible to compare observations for many variables, which is otherwise challenging.
The real-time usage of the Z score:
In healthcare, a newborn's weight is compared with the mean weight of all the born babies as per data.
E.g., Newborns are normally distributed with a mean value of 8 pounds and a standard deviation of 0.5 pounds. If a newborn baby weights 8.2 pounds, we calculate the Z score as
z = (x - μ) / σ
z = (8.2 - 8) / 0.5
z = 0.4 standard deviations above the mean, this baby's weight.
According to the Area To The Left of the Z-Score Calculator, a z-score of 0.4 denotes a weight greater than 65.54% of all newborn weights.
With the Z score calculator, one has to feed
- Raw score, x
- Population Mean μ
- Standard Deviation, σ
Z table
The region beneath a normal distribution curve is indicated by a z-table located to the left of the z-score. In other words, it informs you of the likelihood of a certain score. First, create a normal distribution out of your data to utilize one. Then locate the corresponding z-score on the table's left and place it next to the top z-score. The outcome provides you with the probability.
An exact location to the mean is indicated by a z-score of 0. Therefore, the curve's center on the standard normal distribution graph is at z = 0. A point is said to be to the right of the mean if the z-value is positive and to the left, if the z-value is negative. Z-tables come in a few different varieties.
The table below shows the range of values between the provided z-score and z = 0.
z | 0 | 0.01 | 0.02 | 0.03 | 0.04 | 0.05 | 0.06 | 0.07 | 0.08 | 0.09 |
0 | 0 | 0.00399 | 0.00798 | 0.01197 | 0.01595 | 0.01994 | 0.02392 | 0.0279 | 0.03188 | 0.03586 |
0.1 | 0.03983 | 0.0438 | 0.04776 | 0.05172 | 0.05567 | 0.05962 | 0.06356 | 0.06749 | 0.07142 | 0.07535 |
0.2 | 0.07926 | 0.08317 | 0.08706 | 0.09095 | 0.09483 | 0.09871 | 0.10257 | 0.10642 | 0.11026 | 0.11409 |
0.3 | 0.11791 | 0.12172 | 0.12552 | 0.1293 | 0.13307 | 0.13683 | 0.14058 | 0.14431 | 0.14803 | 0.15173 |
0.4 | 0.15542 | 0.1591 | 0.16276 | 0.1664 | 0.17003 | 0.17364 | 0.17724 | 0.18082 | 0.18439 | 0.18793 |
0.5 | 0.19146 | 0.19497 | 0.19847 | 0.20194 | 0.2054 | 0.20884 | 0.21226 | 0.21566 | 0.21904 | 0.2224 |
0.6 | 0.22575 | 0.22907 | 0.23237 | 0.23565 | 0.23891 | 0.24215 | 0.24537 | 0.24857 | 0.25175 | 0.2549 |
0.7 | 0.25804 | 0.26115 | 0.26424 | 0.2673 | 0.27035 | 0.27337 | 0.27637 | 0.27935 | 0.2823 | 0.28524 |
0.8 | 0.28814 | 0.29103 | 0.29389 | 0.29673 | 0.29955 | 0.30234 | 0.30511 | 0.30785 | 0.31057 | 0.31327 |
0.9 | 0.31594 | 0.31859 | 0.32121 | 0.32381 | 0.32639 | 0.32894 | 0.33147 | 0.33398 | 0.33646 | 0.33891 |
1 | 0.34134 | 0.34375 | 0.34614 | 0.34849 | 0.35083 | 0.35314 | 0.35543 | 0.35769 | 0.35993 | 0.36214 |
1.1 | 0.36433 | 0.3665 | 0.36864 | 0.37076 | 0.37286 | 0.37493 | 0.37698 | 0.379 | 0.381 | 0.38298 |
1.2 | 0.38493 | 0.38686 | 0.38877 | 0.39065 | 0.39251 | 0.39435 | 0.39617 | 0.39796 | 0.39973 | 0.40147 |
1.3 | 0.4032 | 0.4049 | 0.40658 | 0.40824 | 0.40988 | 0.41149 | 0.41308 | 0.41466 | 0.41621 | 0.41774 |
1.4 | 0.41924 | 0.42073 | 0.4222 | 0.42364 | 0.42507 | 0.42647 | 0.42785 | 0.42922 | 0.43056 | 0.43189 |
1.5 | 0.43319 | 0.43448 | 0.43574 | 0.43699 | 0.43822 | 0.43943 | 0.44062 | 0.44179 | 0.44295 | 0.44408 |
1.6 | 0.4452 | 0.4463 | 0.44738 | 0.44845 | 0.4495 | 0.45053 | 0.45154 | 0.45254 | 0.45352 | 0.45449 |
1.7 | 0.45543 | 0.45637 | 0.45728 | 0.45818 | 0.45907 | 0.45994 | 0.4608 | 0.46164 | 0.46246 | 0.46327 |
1.8 | 0.46407 | 0.46485 | 0.46562 | 0.46638 | 0.46712 | 0.46784 | 0.46856 | 0.46926 | 0.46995 | 0.47062 |
1.9 | 0.47128 | 0.47193 | 0.47257 | 0.4732 | 0.47381 | 0.47441 | 0.475 | 0.47558 | 0.47615 | 0.4767 |
2 | 0.47725 | 0.47778 | 0.47831 | 0.47882 | 0.47932 | 0.47982 | 0.4803 | 0.48077 | 0.48124 | 0.48169 |
2.1 | 0.48214 | 0.48257 | 0.483 | 0.48341 | 0.48382 | 0.48422 | 0.48461 | 0.485 | 0.48537 | 0.48574 |
2.2 | 0.4861 | 0.48645 | 0.48679 | 0.48713 | 0.48745 | 0.48778 | 0.48809 | 0.4884 | 0.4887 | 0.48899 |
2.3 | 0.48928 | 0.48956 | 0.48983 | 0.4901 | 0.49036 | 0.49061 | 0.49086 | 0.49111 | 0.49134 | 0.49158 |
2.4 | 0.4918 | 0.49202 | 0.49224 | 0.49245 | 0.49266 | 0.49286 | 0.49305 | 0.49324 | 0.49343 | 0.49361 |
2.5 | 0.49379 | 0.49396 | 0.49413 | 0.4943 | 0.49446 | 0.49461 | 0.49477 | 0.49492 | 0.49506 | 0.4952 |
2.6 | 0.49534 | 0.49547 | 0.4956 | 0.49573 | 0.49585 | 0.49598 | 0.49609 | 0.49621 | 0.49632 | 0.49643 |
2.7 | 0.49653 | 0.49664 | 0.49674 | 0.49683 | 0.49693 | 0.49702 | 0.49711 | 0.4972 | 0.49728 | 0.49736 |
2.8 | 0.49744 | 0.49752 | 0.4976 | 0.49767 | 0.49774 | 0.49781 | 0.49788 | 0.49795 | 0.49801 | 0.49807 |
2.9 | 0.49813 | 0.49819 | 0.49825 | 0.49831 | 0.49836 | 0.49841 | 0.49846 | 0.49851 | 0.49856 | 0.49861 |
3 | 0.49865 | 0.49869 | 0.49874 | 0.49878 | 0.49882 | 0.49886 | 0.49889 | 0.49893 | 0.49896 | 0.499 |
3.1 | 0.49903 | 0.49906 | 0.4991 | 0.49913 | 0.49916 | 0.49918 | 0.49921 | 0.49924 | 0.49926 | 0.49929 |
3.2 | 0.49931 | 0.49934 | 0.49936 | 0.49938 | 0.4994 | 0.49942 | 0.49944 | 0.49946 | 0.49948 | 0.4995 |
3.3 | 0.49952 | 0.49953 | 0.49955 | 0.49957 | 0.49958 | 0.4996 | 0.49961 | 0.49962 | 0.49964 | 0.49965 |
3.4 | 0.49966 | 0.49968 | 0.49969 | 0.4997 | 0.49971 | 0.49972 | 0.49973 | 0.49974 | 0.49975 | 0.49976 |
3.5 | 0.49977 | 0.49978 | 0.49978 | 0.49979 | 0.4998 | 0.49981 | 0.49981 | 0.49982 | 0.49983 | 0.49983 |
3.6 | 0.49984 | 0.49985 | 0.49985 | 0.49986 | 0.49986 | 0.49987 | 0.49987 | 0.49988 | 0.49988 | 0.49989 |
3.7 | 0.49989 | 0.4999 | 0.4999 | 0.4999 | 0.49991 | 0.49991 | 0.49992 | 0.49992 | 0.49992 | 0.49992 |
3.8 | 0.49993 | 0.49993 | 0.49993 | 0.49994 | 0.49994 | 0.49994 | 0.49994 | 0.49995 | 0.49995 | 0.49995 |
3.9 | 0.49995 | 0.49995 | 0.49996 | 0.49996 | 0.49996 | 0.49996 | 0.49996 | 0.49996 | 0.49997 | 0.49997 |
4 | 0.49997 | 0.49997 | 0.49997 | 0.49997 | 0.49997 | 0.49997 | 0.49998 | 0.49998 | 0.49998 | 0.49998 |
How to decipher the Z table?
Z Table from Mean (0 to Z)
The row headings denote the z-score to the tenth place
The column row denotes the z-score to the hundredth's place
The value in the table covers the area between Z=0 and the given score value and denotes the probability that the data point lies within the standard normal distribution
For instance, in the right-tail z-table above, a data point with a z-score of 1.12 equates to an area of 0.36864. (row 13, column 4). This indicates a 36.864% chance that a data point in a population with a normally distributed distribution would have a z-score between 0 and 1.12.
With numerable Z tables, one must pay attention to the provided Z table to know what is being referenced here.
The Z Score Calculator on Allcalculator.net helps you calculate Z-scores, interpret probabilities, and compare data points on a standardized scale, enabling accurate predictions and analysis in various fields.
FAQ's
Q. What do z-scores mean?
Q. How do you calculate the Z-score?
Q. What does a Z score of 1.5 mean?
Q. Is it better to have a higher or lower z-score?
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