Permutation and Combination Calculator

Related Calculators

Why is Permutation and Combination Calculator used and how does it work?

What are Permutations?

Permutations are specific elements selected in a set to arrange in order. The order of these elements is important. The Permutation Calculator calculates the various concepts of Permutation. The arrangement of a fixed number for the elements is written as r. It is selected from a set of numbers named n. So r is referred to as the Permutation of n. It is written and referred to as nPr, nPr, P(n,r), or P(n,r). All the possible elements in the set are listed in order. However, the choices differ and reduce if any element is chosen instead of a combination lock. This number is allowed multiple times, like 333.

Permutation and Combination Calculator


Suppose in a game of Soccer, there are various ways and Numbers the Captain and Goalkeeper are picked. Even though there are 11 players, the Captain and Goalkeeper cannot be one person. Once the Captain and Goalkeeper are picked, they should be removed from the set. Let's name the 11 members from A-K. All these 11 represent different team members.

A B C...... K

So A is the Captain, then from

B ..... K

The Goalkeeper is chosen, and A is not considered.

Now if A is the Captain, A is not considered while selecting the Goalkeeper. So the overall possibility of every member of the position of all members, if mentioned, becomes

11 × 1...... 1,

But only selecting a captain and Goalkeeper was crucial in this case. Hence 11+


As per the permutation formula, it removes the other elements.

So the general permutation equation is

nPr = n!/(n - r)!

So we will add the values of the Soccer Team

11P2 = 11!/(11 - 2)! = 11!/9! = 11 × 10 = 110

But the Calculator calculates without Permutations being replaced. However, the generalized equation is

nPr = nr.

What are Combinations?

A combination is where it is possible to group several objects and their sizes. The Sequence doesn't matter.

Combinations and Permutations are related. They are Permutations; disproportionate numbers are discarded. Because the order or Sequence doesn't matter, combinations can be written as nCr, nCr, C(n,r), or C(n,r). However, the most common way is n/r.

Now in the case of Permutations, the Calculator only takes the number of Combinations without any replacement. However, the replacement still needs to be discussed in the case of combinations. Let's consider the Soccer Team Example once again. Here we will choose two strikers from the 11 members of the Soccer Team since the GoalKeeper and Captain were picked. Now when choosing the Striker, the order won't matter. Considering the A-K as a member of the soccer team. The A and B players won't matter. The strikers could be either A or B or B and A. The strikers can be chosen in only the same manner. So the arrangement of all the n number of people is n!

To claim the number of combinations, remove all the necessary redundancies as here it is 2. Now that is because the order is not necessary. Hence the permutation formula needs to be deducted from the number of ways the players are chosen. A and then B or vice versa. So the generalized formula for the Combination becomes a Permutation to be divided by several combinations. In the case of Permutation, it is divided by all the unnecessary numbers. Hence the binomial coefficient becomes.

nCr = n!/r! × (n - r)!

In the Soccer Team example.

11C2 = 11!/2! × (11 - 2)! = 11!/2! × 9! = 55

There are fewer choices for Combination in comparison to Permutation. Now that the redundancy is removed. So the equation for Combination becomes

nCr = (r + n -1)!/r! × (n - 1)!

Let's understand why Permutations and Combinations are calculated together.

In maths, the concept of combinatorics includes both Permutations and Combinations. It studies finite and discrete structures. Permutations are selected elements in a sequence, and in the case of Combinations, the order does not matter. A typical Combination lock is called a permutation lock concerning the mathematical standards. The Sequence is important in Permutation. It could be 1-2-9 or 9-2-1. Any order can work, but it has to be an order. Now, in the case of a combination, the Sequence is not considered important.

There are different types of Permutations and Combinations. But the Permutations and Combination Calculator considers the case without any replacement. It's also referred to with no expectation. The Calculator does not calculate the combination lock with repeated values.

Difference Between Permutation and Combination

The two main differences between Permutation and Combination are.

  • Permutation Calculates several possible ways to arrange a range of numbers in a certain way. Different orders and the same items are different.
  • Now consider this example ABC and BCA are two different Permutations. Now in the case of Combination, it is the same.
  • Permutation and Combinations solve different Probability problems. Permutation solves order or sequential problems. Combination formulas solve issues regardless of any sequence or order-related problems.

How to Calculate using the Permutation and Combination Calculator?

In the Calculator, add the values as follows.

  • Input the total amount of items in the first Column.
  • Secondly, enter the amount in the subset and Submit.
  • Now, The Permutation and Combination Calculator will display the results.


The Permutation and Combination Calculator used in Combinatorics will display the results. The main focus is on the number of elements in a set. Permutations will need the Sequence, and Combination is without Sequence. So the Calculator calculates numbers per the requirement.

Our Permutation and Combination Calculator provides a reliable way to calculate the number of arrangements and combinations for a given set of elements. Whether you need to determine permutations or combinations, our calculator offers accurate results to help you solve probability problems efficiently.


What is the purpose of Permutation and Combination?

A permutation is a way of selecting elements. Even the objects in the element of the collection. The Sequence of the order plays a vital role. In Combination, the way of selecting elements from the given elements. Here the order of the elements is not required. Permutation and Combination focus on the number of ways to select elements in a set. The formula for Permutation : P(n, r) = (n!)/((n-r)!) The Formula for Combination : C(n, r) = (n!)/(r! (n-r)!)

How to Calculate Combination?

To calculate the Combination, follow these steps. Consider the total number of objects, n Now the sample size, r Now after applying the combination formula, one can calculate the Combination. This formula can input the values nCr = n! / (r! (n-r)!)

How can you calculate Permutation?

To calculate the Permutation, follow these steps. Consider the total number of objects, n Now consider the sample size, r Now apply the permutation formula The formula is nPr = n! / (n-r)!

Are Combination and Permutation ever negative?

It can't be negative. Even in the sample form, it is written with at least 1.

How do you define the number of objects in Combination and Permutation?

The Number of Objects in Combination is similar to the number of objects in the Permutation. It is written in the formulas and denoted by n. In the case of a Permutation, it is also the total number of objects one possess. It is also represented by n.